Composition in PhotographyThe overall arrangement and organization of visual elements on a 2 dimensionl surface.
Focal Point - A compositional device emphasizing a certain area or object that draws attention to the piece. Sharp/Crisp images in the foreground make great focal points
Framing- The subject of your photograph is framed by something within the image. This is not an actual picture frame.
Diagonal- Something within the picture frame that cuts across the page.
Rule of thirds- Divide your photo into thirds, both vertically and horizontally. Your subject should fall into one of the intersecting points. Your subject should weigh the picture to one side or the other.
Leading lines- Lines in a picture that lead your eye toward the subject matter or focal point.
Depth of Field- The amount of space around the subject that is in focus. A wide depth of field allows the subject and a background that is far away to be in focus while a narrow depth of field will only allow for the subject to be in focus.